Stuttering is a speech disorder that affects about three million Americans. Sign up for our Mental Wellness Newsletter! Physical effects: Repetitive trials to speak fluently or to bring out a particular sound in a word can cause several physical changes. Anxiety, especially if it crops up when you're in front of a lot of people, can lead to dry mouth, stumbling over your words, and more troubles that can get in the way of speaking. Research shows that stuttering is not a mental health diagnosis, and anxiety is not the root cause of stuttering. Antistutter devices help tackle this symptom and are an effective mode of treatment. Researchers have theorized that this type of stuttering may not be as sudden as it appears. Here’s How I’m Surviving the Coronavirus News, The Top 10 Anxiety Blogs to Follow in 2020 for a Stress-Free Life, Best Self-Help Books for Mental Health and Anxiety, The Diabetes-Anxiety Connection: How to Spot the Signs and Find Relief, What Is Social Anxiety Disorder? You should take no action solely on the basis of this publication’s contents. Everyday Health is among the federally registered trademarks of Everyday Health, Inc. and may not be used by third parties without explicit permission. The opinions expressed in Newsmaxhealth.com and Newsmax.com do not necessarily reflect those of Newsmax Media. Research is being done into the causes of stuttering, and various potential causes have been identified. Stuttering not only impairs communication, it can also have a devastating effect on one’s confidence, as well as one’s social and professional life. Want to boost your brain capacities? Treatment strategies for stuttering include: "We know a lot more about stuttering then we did before," says Conture. Negative attitude: Stuttering is often accompanied by a negative attitude on the part of the stutterer. It was once thought that the singular root of stuttering was anxiety, but today we know that’s not the case. This, in turn, may induce muscle tension in the shoulders, limbs, and forehead. It can make it difficult for them to communicate and can also lead to problems with self-esteem. Therefore, stutter therapy includes psychotherapy that aims to completely eliminate these negative effects. Electronic devices : There are different types of electronic wearable devices that may aid in the treatment of stuttering, although further research is … Please note that this advice is generic and not specific to any individual. On this website, in the article entitled ‘The Causes of Stuttering’ I do state that: “Some traumatic experiences may create the psychological conditions that lead to the onset of stuttering. Track the Vax: Now That We Have Vaccines, How Do We Persuade Skeptics to Get Inoculated? are registered trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc. Newsmax TV, and Newsmax World are trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc. Stuttering is a speech and language disorder characterized by difficulty  maintaining flow of speech, elongating certain syllables, an inability to produce certain consonant sounds, or a repetitive attempt to produce a particular sound. Depression is the state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person’s thoughts, behavior, feelings and sense of well-being. If you or your … By subscribing you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention, Learning how to control the anxiety, fear, and tension associated with, Teaching parents of children who stutter strategies, such as patient listening and positive reinforcement, Helping people who stutter to slow down their speech and regulate their breathing, Having people who stutter participate in self-help support groups. All answers to reader questions are provided for informational purposes only. If you live with stuttering and anxiety or have a child who does, information and support are available at the Stuttering Foundation and the National Stuttering Association. I have read your question and understand your concerns for your son. In most cases, once the stress is gone, the speech disorder will begin to resolve on its own. When stuttering emerges de novo in adulthood, the cause can be psychogenic, a reaction to a significantly stressful event (7,8). Stuttering itself is a separate disorder that can be made worse by anxiety. Severe emotional trauma can cause psychogenic stuttering. Circumlocutions: Here, the person tries to avoid stuttering by replacing words that are difficult to utter with others that can be spoken fluently. COVID-19 Vaccinations Are Rolling Out. Most kids “grow out” of their stutter by the time they become adults, but stuttering still affects about 1 percent of the adult population. But there is a link between stuttering and anxiety: In fact, the speech disorder can actually increase anxiousness. Depression can also cause suicidal thoughts. Stuttering caused by emotional trauma is sometimes also termed as psychogenic. In other words, anxiety, low self-esteem, nervousness, and stress do not cause stuttering; rather, they are the result of living with a stigmatized speech … Detailed Answer: Hello and thanks for asking at HealthcareMagic. This is a result of repetitive attempts to speak and the frustration caused due to thwarted attempts. Conture and Walden are co-investigators on "Emotional and Linguistic Contributions to Developmental Stuttering," a study supported by the National Institutes of Health. Stuttering can also negatively influence job performance and opportunities, and treatment can come at a high financial cost. Feeling isolated can also be depressing. Arguably then, I am claiming that psychological/emotional trauma is a bona fide etiology. Readers are advised to consult a health professional about any issue regarding their health and well-being. © 1996-2020 Everyday Health, Inc. Take Total Brain's Mental Health and Fitness Assessment! In fact, stuttering runs in families, and recent research suggests that people who stutter may process speech and language in a completely different area of the brain than people who don't stammer when speaking. Stuttering has been shown to be related not only to high risk of anxiety, but also to depression. In some instances, the stutter may persist even when the effects of the initial trauma have been minimized. The person may clench their jaws, hold their breath, and tighten their fists. Symptoms of stuttering can vary significantly throughout a person's day. "The arrow goes both ways," says Conture. Smart Health: I Tried Chorus for My Anxiety — and It Shook Up My Meditation Practice, I Have Medical Related Anxiety. While the information found on our websites is believed to be sensible and accurate based on the author’s best judgment, readers who fail to seek counsel from appropriate health professionals assume risk of any potential ill effects. The onset is typically sudden and occurs directly after severe psychological trauma. That does not mean the cause of their voice disorder stems from their depression or anxiety. "Children who stutter may show certain personality traits. Antistuttering devices and medication also treat this problem. Stuttering may run in families because of an inherited abnormality in the part of the brain that governs language. The voice disorder may be explainable by differences in the structure of their vocal cord (s). Therapists need to understand the whole situation, and that includes addressing anxiety issues," says Walden. It is believed that in stuttering people genes are expressed differently, altering communication between the neurons in charge of the speech area in the brain and the neurons that move the muscles needed to speak. However, there are other factors that significantly contribute to stuttering, such as anxiety and fear of speaking. It may even increase the risk of an anxiety disorder — anxiety that is excessive and present even without good reason. Psychological and social causes The case is far from closed, however. If you’re a stutterer — faltering, halting, and hesitating as you speak — you’re not alone. It is not specific medical advice for any individual. The good news is that stuttering is manageable. But beyond that, those that are overthinking their own sentences and word choices often find they end up stuttering a considerable amount, which in turn can create this feeling of embarrassment. However, research has yielded indecisive findings [ 18, 19 ]. All information presented on our websites should not be construed as medical consultation or instruction. Stammer when you speak? Brief Answer: further information is necessary. Facial tension and tightness is a response to an attempt to focus the energy or strength toward bringing out the sound. We have talked about it. In other cases, stuttering signs diminish as the child grows into an adult and finally vanish. However, in that article I am not making any claims abou… It can also be neurogenic, secondary to cerebrovascular accident, brain tumor, brain injury, dementia, or Parkinson’s disease (9), although the two forms, psychogenic versus neurogenic, are often difficult to distinguish. People who stutter know what they want to say, but have difficulty saying it. The causes of psychogenic speech disorders including psychogenic stuttering can include – And as research continues, the links between stuttering and anxiety will become more clear and may lead to more effective stuttering and anxiety treatment. For example, they may repeat or prolong a word, a syllable, or a consonant or vowel sound. "There is no one-size-fits-all stuttering treatment. In general, speaking before a group or talking on the telephone may make a person's stuttering more severe, while singing, reading, or speaking in unison may temporarily reduce stuttering. Stuttering Similarly, anxiety can create stuttering. And trying to keep stuttering hidden can heighten depression. Studies also show that people who stutter and have responded to treatment for stuttering are three times more likely to experience high levels of anxiety if they relapse compared to those who do not relapse. Newsmax, Moneynews, Newsmax Health, and Independent. Some medicines approved to treat epilepsy, anxiety or depression have been used to treat stuttering, but they come with side effects. But stress and anxiety can also take a toll, making stuttering worse, because the parts of your brain associated with attention and language processing interact with the parts of your brain that regulate emotion. 4. Stutter therapy or speech therapy helps the person to express these difficult words and avoid circumlocutions. Brain Injury; Trauma and strokes cause brain damage that can cause stuttering. "Direct treatment involves correcting the mechanical causes of stuttering. You should consult with your doctor before undertaking any medical or nutritional course of action. I have grappled with … Great reads for guidance, motivation, and inspiration in managing stress and anxiety. Meeting with an SLP can determine the exact cause and can work with you to alleviate the stress. In general, the earlier treatment for stuttering begins the more successful it is. For kids, treatment involves teaching parents about creating a supportive, relaxed environment that encourages the child to speak. Low self-esteem, constant fear of judgment, anxiety and stress related to the stuttering experience can definitely contribute to, or exasperate depression. Do Inmates Have a Spot in Line? Stuttering medical treatment includes speech therapy, stutter therapy, and elimination of the causes of stuttering. Some people who stutter may be able... stuttering,symptoms,treatment,cures,stuttering medical treatment,anti-stuttering,stutter therapy,causes of stuttering,speech therapy,stuttering signs. It may even increase the risk of an anxiety disorder — anxiety that is excessive and present even without good reason. Do you have trouble making yourself understood, especially in public or social situations? No depression does not and cannot cause stuttering. Anxiety can, however, make stuttering worse. Stuttering — also called stammering or childhood-onset fluency disorder — is a speech disorder that involves frequent and significant problems with normal fluency and flow of speech. Stress, tension, anxiety, and depression are some of the common causes of stuttering. These can include being overly emotional and having trouble adapting to their emotions," notes Conture. Some people who stutter may be able to speak out a word, but are unable to utter the word that follows. "Anxiety contributes to stuttering and stuttering leads to anxiety." The individual with stuttering have been found to have negative stereotypes regarding themselves [ 16, 17 ]. "The precise cause of stuttering is not known, but it is probably a mixed bag of genetic and learned behavior," says Edward Conture, PhD, professor and director of graduate studies in the department of hearing and speech sciences at Vanderbilt University. "Anxiety contributes to stuttering and stuttering leads to anxiety." “If children become adults who stutter, anxiety and stress often become a part of the problem," says Tedra Walden, PhD, a professor in the department of psychology and human development at Vanderbilt. 1.5K views It might even hold them back in their personal and professional lives. Stuttering causes, how to stop and more. Psychogenic stuttering can occur due to psychological trauma and can occur in children and adults, as well. So the root causes of stuttering could be differences in brain circuits and blood flow. In a few cases, certain psychological or physical changes work as causes for stuttering. "Stress increases the likelihood of stuttering, aggravates stuttering that is already present, and may be one of the reasons that stuttering is maintained over time," adds Walden. CBT can also be useful for addressing symptoms of stress, low self-esteem, anxiety, depression, and social anxiety disorder. In adults where stuttering has psychogenic factors, there was often a st… About 5 percent of children stutter at some time, with boys twice as likely to be stutterers as girls. Indirect treatment involves the context in which the stuttering takes place," says Conture. Chronic depression can be a contributing factor to psychogenic stuttering. Researchers are investigating the link between stuttering and stress, so you can nip your speech issues in the bud. Several people I know who stutter have also struggled with depression at various times. PLEASE NOTE: All information presented on Newsmax.com is for informational purposes only. Stuttering and Stress: What's the Connection? Tippi Coronavirus: Tips for Living With COVID-19. American. Excessive disfluency: This is not the same as insertion of interjections such as “um,” or “uh.” Excessive disfluency is a symptom where the person repeats a particular sound in a word. Facial changes: Stuttering is accompanied by several changes in facial expression or bodily movements. There are two general types of anxiety treatment for people who stutter. Some research shows that people who stutter are socially anxious and that children with speech disabilities are at higher risk for anxiety disorder as adults. Because living with anxiety is stressful enough. The following are the top five symptoms of stuttering: Stuttering is a speech and language disorder characterized by difficulty maintaining flow of speech, elongating certain syllables, an inability to produce certain consonant sounds, or a repetitive attempt to produce a particular sound. If you’re experience suicidal thoughts, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255. How to stop stuttering: Speech therapy can help a person reduce their stutter by learning to speak more slowly, regulate breathing and reduce anxiety. 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