They also set up the first radio connection at Antarctica. He returned to the University of Adelaide in 1919 and became a full professor in 1921, contributing much to Australian geology. He was the leader of the Australian Antarctic Expedition (AAE), which set out to chart Antarctica's coastline. The family moved to Rooty Hill, near Sydney, in 1884. Therefore, Mawson and his companions had to stay back for another winter. It was unknown at the time that Husky liver contains extremely high levels of vitamin A. His major influences in his geological career were Professor Edgeworth David and Professor Archibald Liversidge. On March 31, 1914, Mawson married Francisca Adriana (Paquita) Delprat. Douglas Mawson was a geologist who was among the first scientists to explore the continent of Antarctica. Douglas Mawson was born on May 5, 1882, in Shipley, West Yorkshire, England. Sir Douglas was buried at the historic cemetery of St Jude's Church, 444 Brighton Road, Brighton, South Australia, in 1958. These expeditions also collected huge amount of scientific data, which helped to carry on further investigation. Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire on May 5, 1882. A biography of Sir Douglas Mawson tells how he survived perils worthy of a Hollywood epic Paul Harris in New York. The suburb was gazetted in 1966 and is named after him. His intellectual boldness and skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among the world's greatest explorers. He accompanied Ernest Shackleton on the British Antarctic Expedition (1907-09), then commanded his own expedition, the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. He was a man of science, onset with … Ultimately they were forced to kill their sled dogs and eat their meat. He was on the expedition for about six months. In an attempt to chart the coastline directly south of … Their lack of provisions forced them to use their remaining sled dogs to feed the other dogs and themselves: Their meat was stringy, tough and without a vestige of fat. Mawson was knighted in 1914 and during World War I worked with the British and Russian militaries. They had one week's provisions for two men and no dog food but plenty of fuel and a primus. He was born in Shipley, West Riding of Yorkshire, but was less than two years old when his family emigrated to Australia and settled at Rooty Hill, now in the western suburbs of Sydney. In 1915, the Royal Geographical Society awarded him with Founder's Gold Medal. Next on October 5, 1908, Mawson and Mackay set out for the South Magnetic Pole under the leadership of David. As a lecturer at the University of Adelaide, he became interested in rocks left by melting glaciers and therefore, when he got the chance to join Nimrod Expedition to Antarctica he readily agreed. He and his team were the first to reach the South Magnetic Pole. [9] With six dogs between them (with a liver on average weighing 1 kg), it is thought that the pair ingested enough liver to bring on a condition known as hypervitaminosis A. Douglas Mawson Spouse: Paquita Delprat (m. 1914–1958) Death date: October 14, 1958. Mawson was a part of the Far Eastern Party, a three-man sledging team that also included Xavier Mertz, and Lieutenant B. E. S. Ninnis. However, the expedition also highlighted his survival capacity. Douglas Mawson was born in … Mawson also made major contributions to Australian geology. Both men suffered dizziness; nausea; abdominal pain; irrationality; mucosal fissuring; skin, hair, and nail loss; and the yellowing of eyes and skin. Douglas Mawson, in full Sir Douglas Mawson, (born May 5, 1882, Shipley, Yorkshire, England—died October 14, 1958, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia), Australian geologist and explorer whose travels in the Antarctic earned him worldwide acclaim. [3], The expedition, using the ship SY Aurora commanded by Captain John King Davis, departed from Hobart on 2 December 1911, landed at Cape Denison (named after Hugh Denison, a major backer of the expedition) on Commonwealth Bay on 8 January 1912, and established the Main Base. Translated from the Russian. In 1929, Mawson was back in Antarctica leading the British Australian (and) New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE). A second camp was located to the west on the ice shelf in Queen Mary Land. Complete Douglas Mawson 2017 Biography. .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}31°31′4.1″S 138°38′19.7″E / 31.517806°S 138.638806°E / -31.517806; 138.638806, Sir Douglas Mawson's grave at St Jude's, at Brighton, South Australia, Main plaque on the granite boulder marking the grave of Sir Douglas Mawson, Plaque acknowledging gift of the boulder from Arkaroola marking Mawson's grave, from the Sprigg family, Australian geologist and explorer of the Antarctic (1882-1958), "Mawson" redirects here. In later years, he worked on the 'Adelaide System' of Precambrian rocks in the Flinders Ranges and identified its two groups. He was promoted to the post of Professor in 1921. Mawson, Douglas - Biographical entry - Encyclopedia of Australian Science - Encyclopedia of Australian Science is a biographical, bibliographical and archival database of Australian scientists and scientific organisations with links to related articles and images. He also spent much of his time researching the geology of the northern Flinders Ranges in South Australia. With him were gone six dogs, most of their rations, tents and other essential items. Douglas Mawson has returned from the Shackleton Expedition in Antarctica, but he soon gets the urge to go back to the ice. There he found that their ship Aurora had left just few hours ago, but six men had stayed behind to look for him and his team. They sledged for 27 hours continuously to obtain a spare tent cover they had left behind, for which they improvised a frame from skis and a theodolite. In the same year, he entered University of Sydney. His findings have been documented in his report ‘Geological investigations in the Broken Hill area’. • Bickel, Lennard [1977] (2001). His intellectual boldness and skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among the world's greatest explorers. Mawson was born in England in 1882, and moved to Sydney with his family in 1884. Mawson was born on 5 May 1882 to Robert Ellis Mawson and Margaret Ann Moore. The couple had two daughters, Patricia and Jessica. He attended Fort Street Model School and the University of Sydney, where he graduated in 1902 with a Bachelor of Engineering degree.[2]. In later years, he identified two groups of Precambrian rocks and discovered a new mineral called Davidite. In 1905, he was appointed a lecturer of mineralogy and petrology (geology) at the University of Adelaide. 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