The similarity of ash … Fly ash being a pozzolanic material, its reaction takes place slowly. 04.02, pp. The performance of fly ash in concrete is strongly influenced by its physical, mineralogical and … The Ca(OH)2 content, degree of the fly-ash reaction, and pore structure were measured … FL is categorized as a normal pozzolan, a material consisting of silicate glass, modified with aluminum and iron [4]. The reasons for this great variability deserve attention. The pozzolanic reaction of fly ash in hardened cement-based paste internally activated by a natural injection of saturated Ca(OH)2 solution from the age of 1 month was investigated. Google Scholar 291–293 (1988) . Natural materials: have been processed for the sole purpose of producing a pozzolan. 2. Two general classes of fly ash can be defined: low-cal-cium fly ash (FL) produced by burning anthracite or bitumi-nous coal, and high-calcium fly ash (FH) produced by burn-ing lignite or sub-bituminous coal. Broadly speaking, factors which influence fly ash properties are: 1. information on the nature of fly ash and pozzolanic reactions in concrete can be found in the ACI Committee 232 report on Fly Ash in Concreteand other sources (Helmuth 1987). ASTM C618, “Standard Specification for Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use as a Mineral Admixture in Portland Cement Concrete,” Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. The pozzolanic reaction of fly ash in hardened cement-based paste internally activated by a natural injection of saturated Ca(OH)2 solution from the age of 1 month was investigated. The pozzolanic activity is a measure for the degree of reaction over time or the reaction rate between a pozzolan and Ca 2+ or calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH) 2) in the presence of water.The rate of the pozzolanic reaction is dependent on the intrinsic characteristics of the pozzolan such as the specific surface area, the chemical composition and the active phase content. The presence of unreacted fly ash and calcium hydroxide in the mortars after 60 days of wet curing indicates that the pozzolanic reaction is not complete. The usefulness of fly ash as a pozzolanic material is significantly influenced and limited by its highly variable physical and chemical properties. Further study of pozzolanic reaction kinetics has found that at one month of curing, coal fly ash (Class C and F) and biomass fly ash (either cofired or wood fly ash by itself) have undergone significant pozzolanic reactions at ambient temperatures [8]. The CaO content is This investigation was conducted with the aim of comprehensively evaluating the long-term effectiveness of this technique. fly ash replacement for cement show increased packing density with the finer ash fractions. 1. The initial strength of fly ash concrete is less than that of concrete without fly ash sufficiently but the strength at the later age is much greater than that of concrete without fly ash. pozzolanic (e.g., low-calcium fly ash), cementitious (e.g., granulated iron blast-furnace slag), both cementitious and pozzolanic (e.g., high- calcium fly ash) Classification. The pozzolanic reactions occur slowly at normal atmospheric temperatures. Fly ash belite cement is a kind of low-carbon cement prepared by a two-step process involving hydrothermal synthesis and low-temperature calcination. Pozzolanic reaction pastes, as the precursors of fly ash belite cement prepared by hydrothermal synthesis, are affected mainly by reaction temperature, time, ratios of the mass of fly ash/lime (FA/CA), and the dosage of Na2O. Origin and kind of mineral matter in coal (52, 53, 81, 98, 123); 2. 04 The Pozzolanic Reaction: The understood science behind the pozzolanic reaction is this: the particle-binding glue of concrete—Calcium Silica Hydrate (CSH)—is the result of combining water and Portland cement. Class F fly ash, is available in larger quantities, which is normally low in lime, less than 15 %, and contains higher combination of silica (SiO2), alumina (Al2O3) and iron oxide (Fe2O3) (more than 70 %) compared to Class C fly ash.